kováč


kov [ˈkov] – metal (in Slovak and Czech) 🇸🇰 🇨🇿
kovář [ˈkovaːr̝̊] – smith (in Czech) 🇨🇿
kováč [ˈkovaːtʃ] – smith (in Slovak) 🇸🇰
kovács [ˈkovaːtʃ] – smith (in Hungarian) 🇭🇺
kova [ˈkovɑ] – flint (in Hungarian) 🇭🇺
kovakő [ˈkovɑkøː] – flint; silex; chert (in Hungarian) 🇭🇺

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plameň


plameň [ˈplameɲ] – flame 🔥
prameň [ˈprameɲ]
1) spring
2) source 🌊
3) strand; ply; wisp

prameňitá voda [ˈprameɲitaː voda] – spring water 🌊
prameňiť [ˈprameɲic]
1) to rise; to start; to spring
2) to originate (in); to come (from); to result (from)

Maďarsko


Uhorsko [ˈuhorsko] (896–1946) 🇭🇺 👑
– Uhorské kniežatstvo [ˈuhorskeː kɲi̯ɛʒatstvo] – Principality of Hungary (896–1000)
– Uhorské kráľovstvo [ˈuhorskeː kraːlʲovstvo] – Kingdom of Hungary (1000–1918, 1920–1946)

Maďarsko [ˈmaɟarsko] – Hungary (1918–1920, since 1946) 🇭🇺

There are more precious namings for some historical eras and forms of the state, but these two are essential.

Maďar [ˈmaɟar] – Hungarian (person)
maďarský [ˈmaɟarskiː] – Hungarian (adjective)
maďarský jazyk [ˈmaɟarskiː jazik] – Hungarian language
maďarčina [ˈmaɟartʃina] – Hungarian language

mačacie hlavy


mačacie hlavy [ˈmatʃatsie hlavi] – setts; Belgian blocks; cobblestones
(Literally: cat-heads; cat’s heads)

The phrase in Slovak is probably either coming from the Hungarian macskakő [ˈmɑtʃkɑkøː] (cat-stone) – the short version of the word macskafejkő [ˈmɑtʃkɑfɛjkøː] (cat-head-stone); or the German word Katzenkopfstein with the same meaning. Where the naming is based on the little stone blocks reminding people of a cat’s head because of their size or shape.

mačka [ˈmatʃka] – cat
mačací [ˈmatʃatsiː] – cat(‘s); catlike; cattish; catty
hlava [ˈhlava] – head
hlavy [ˈhlavi] – heads

Illustration: © Michaela Mašánová